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The Classroom as Salon:
A Collaborative Project on Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe

SUZAN ALTERI


NOTES

1. See http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/tharpold/courses/fall12/lit3400/lit3400.pdf.

2. All figures are reproduced by permission of the Baldwin Library of Historical Children’s Literature.

3. Seyla Benhabib also contends that there “can be as many publics as discourses” (119).

4. In fact, Daniel Defoe was not credited as the author on the title page of Robinson Crusoe until the end of the eighteenth century.

5. Melissa Free discusses the growth in the Robinson Crusoe publishing industry in her essay, “Un-Erasing Crusoe: Farther Adventures in the Nineteenth Century.”

6. The texts in which Woolf’s and Joyce’s comments appear are appended to Shinagel’s edition of Robinson Crusoe: An Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism.

7. See Shinagel, ed. Robinson Crusoe: An Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism, for information on different literary critics and their topics of criticism.

8. It was important for students to handle eighteenth-century versions of Robinson Crusoe because during this time books were printed on handmade paper and often had few, if any, paratextual elements.


WORKS CITED

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Beattie, James. Dissertations Moral and Critical. London, 1783. Print.

Benhabib, Seyla. Situating the Self. New York: Routledge, 1992. Print.

Chalmers, George. The Life of Daniel De Foe. London, 1790. Print.

Dewey, John. The School and Society and the Child and the Curriculum. Mineola, NY: Dover, 2001. Print.

Free, Melissa. “Un-Erasing Crusoe: Farther Adventures in the Nineteenth Century.” Book History 9 (2006): 89-130. Print.

Goodman, Dena. “Public Sphere and Private Life: Toward a Synthesis of Current Historiographical Approaches to the Old Regime.” History and Theory 31.1 (1992): 1−20. Web. 4 June 2013.

_____. The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1994. Print.

Hazlitt, William. The Works of Daniel De Foe. London, 1840. Print.

Kale, Steven D. “Women, the Public Sphere, and the Persistence of Salons.” French Historical Studies 25.1 (2002): 115−48. Web. 4 June 2013.

Mayer, Robert, “Three Cinematic Robinsonades.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction on Screen. Ed. Robert Mayer. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002. 35−51. Print.

Morellet, André. Mélanges de Littérature et de Philosophie du 18e. Siècle, Vol. 4. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library, 1818. Print.

Parker, Walter. “Listening to Strangers: Classroom Discussion in Democratic Education.” Teachers College Record 112.11 (2010): 2815−32. Web. 4 June 2013.

Pohl, Nicole. “‘Perfect Reciprocity’: Salon Culture and Epistolary Conversations.” Women’s Writing 13.1 (2006): 139−59. Web. 4 June 2013.

Pusser, Brian, Ken Kempner, Simon Marginson, and Imanol Ordorika, eds. Universities and the Public Sphere: Knowledge Creation and State Building in the Era of Globalization. New York: Routledge, 2011. Print.

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Sewell, William C. “Creating a Public Sphere in the Secondary Language Arts Classroom: Empowering Students to Think and Write Critically About Outside the Classroom.” The High School Journal 92.1 (2008): 11−21. Project MUSE. Web. 4 June 2013.

Shinagel, Michael, ed. Robinson Crusoe: An Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticisms. New York: W. W. Norton, 1994. Print.

Spence, Joseph. Observations, Anecdotes, and Characters, of Books and Men. London, 1820. Print.

Watt, Ian. “Robinson Crusoe as Myth.” Essays in Criticism: A Quarterly Journal of Literary Criticism (April, 1951): 95−119. Print.

Wilson, Walter. Memoirs of the Life and Times of Daniel Defoe. London, 1830. Print.

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