1. See Victor Davis Hanson, “Idealism and its Discontents: Thinking on the Neoconservative Slur (http://victorhanson.com/wordpress/?p=4507); on Hanson’s meetings with Cheney, see Jacob Heilbrunn, “Winds of War” (http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/15/books/review/Heilbrunn2.t.html).
2. For the attribution to Berkeley, see A.A. Luce, “Berkeley’s Essays in the Guardian.”
3. On money as a sign or token, see also Berkeley’s Querist, Query 2; on money as a stimulant to labor or industry, see Querist, Query 32. For Berkeley’s philosophy of money, see Constantine G. Caffentzis, Exciting the Industry of Mankind.
4. Euphranor is quoting from Seneca’s Moral Epistles CIV, in which Seneca advises his friend Lucilius to study the thought and examples of the great philosophers; the quotation is from his discussion of Socrates, who lived “in [a period of] liberty [that was] more savage than wars or tyrants”—that is, during the radical Athenian democracy of the fifth century BCE (206).
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