Anna Ella Carroll (1815 - 1893)
Carroll, who contributed to the Union victory in the Civil War, was a writer of books, pamphlets, and articles on the state of American politics. She was also involved in espionage activities for the Union, which attracted the attention of President Lincoln. He sent her on a mission to the West to investigate and evaluate the Union's war policy. On that trip, she became aware of the inadequacy of the Union's military strategy, which led her to mastermind the Tennessee Plan. It was this plan that finally won the war. However, her achievement went unrecognized as Lincoln and the War Department felt it was necessary to"protect" the public from the knowledge that it was a woman, rather than the army of generals, who had engineered the victory.