Susan Kalter
Department of English
Illinois State University
Normal, IL 61790-4240
(309) 438-8660
susankalter@ilstu.edu

 

EDUCATION:

1994-1999  University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Doctor of Philosophy in American and Comparative Literature. Degree conferred, December 1999. Defense accomplished with Distinction.

 
1994-1997 University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Master of Arts in the Comparative Literature of North America. Degree conferred, June 1997.  Qualifying and Master’s Comprehensive Exam passed with Distinction.

 
1987-1991 Stanford University, Stanford, California. Bachelor of Arts degree with Honors in English. Degree conferred, June 1991. Program included a self-designed interdisciplinary emphasis in African, Caribbean and African-American thought and literature, and British colonialism. Honors thesis: Rocks That Talk Like Gods: Narrative Structure and the Voices of Women in Bessie Head’s Maru and Myriam Warner-Vieyra’s Juletane.  

 

ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE:

8/00-present 

Professor (tenured and promoted to Associate Professor, August 2006; promoted to Full Professor, August 2013).  Major areas of specialization in American Literature/Studies and Native American Literature/Studies.  Undergraduate courses taught in Introduction to English Studies, Introduction to Native American Studies, Introduction to Ethnic Studies, Literary Narrative (six versions), Representation:  Knowledge & Power, Survey of American Literature (three versions), American Gothic, Introduction to Literary Genres (Asian American Literature through the genres), Early and Ancient American Literature (two versions), American Literature from 1830 to 1870, American Literature from 1870 to 1920 (three versions), History of Literature by Women, Native American Literature and Culture (three versions), Prose (five iterations under three sub-titles), and Senior Seminar (two versions).  Combined graduate/undergraduate courses taught in Selected Figures in American Literature (Beyond the Native American Literary Renaissance:  Representations of the Sioux in D/N/Lakota and U.S. Discourses; and Transatlantic Turncoats and a Tempest in a Tea Party, or the voluminous Mr. Franklin) and The American Novel (two versions).  Graduate courses taught in Introduction to Graduate Study, American Literature from 1830 to 1870 (Social Justice Movements of the Nineteenth Century), American Literature from 1870 to 1920 (two versions), the Pedagogy of Multiculturalism (within required doctoral seminar), Women Writing Empire, Women Writing America (within required doctoral seminar) and Native American Discourses (Discourses of the First Nations of Eastern North America).
 

 
1/00-5/00 

Lecturer, English 21, Literature and Composition, Department of English, University of San Diego.

 
9/99-3/00

Lecturer, Literatures in English 152: Early and Ancient American Literature; Literatures of the World 144: Introduction to the Literatures of the First Nations, Department of Literature, University of California, San Diego.

 
8/99-5/00 

Lecturer, English 220: Introduction to Literature, Department of English and Comparative Literature, San Diego State University.

 
9/98-6/99 

Teaching Assistant, Literatures in English 24: Introduction to the Literature of the United States, Department of Literature, University of California, San Diego.

 
9/94-6/98 

Teaching Assistant, Dimensions of Culture Program, Thurgood Marshall College, University of California, San Diego.

 
8/95, 8/96 

Workshop Teacher, Dickens Universe, The Dickens Project, University of California, Santa Cruz.

 
1/92-6/94  Volunteer Instructor, Wilderness Skills Course (Geology 7), Outdoor Education Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.  

 

MAJOR WORKS-IN-PROGRESS:

Kalter, Susan, ed.  Stories for a Nuclear Age:  John Joseph Mathews’ Unpublished Short Stories of the 1940s and 1950s.

Kalter, Susan.  “Silence Do good?:  Contexts for alliance and alliance-breaking in the Native American Discourses of Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography.”

Kalter, Susan.  Cultures of Imperialism and Resistance:  the Louisiana Territory in Literature.  A serial exploration of the multinational, multilingual literature and history of the Louisiana territory, investigating British, French, Indian-nations, Spanish, and U.S. narratives of the region.

 

PUBLICATIONS:

Books

Kalter, Susan, ed.  Old Three Toes and Other Tales of Survival and Extinction:  A Children’s Book by John Joseph Mathews.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press. Forthcoming in Spring 2015.

Mathews, John Joseph Twenty Thousand Mornings:  An Autobiography of John Joseph Mathews.  Edited, annotated and introduced by Susan Kalter.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 2012.

Hsu, Hsuan and Susan Kalter, eds.  Two Texts by Edward Everett Hale:  “The Man without a Country” and Philip Nolan’s Friends.  Lanham, Maryland:  Lexington Books, 2009.

Kalter, Susan, ed.  Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania, and the First Nations:  The Treaties of 1736-62.  Champaign:  University of Illinois Press, 2006.

Brown, Barry, Christopher Conway, Rhett Gambol, Susan Kalter, Laura Ruberto, Tomas Taraborrelli, and Donald Wesling, eds. Bakhtin and the Nation issue. Bucknell Review 43.2 (1999).

Articles

Kalter, Susan.  “A Savagist Abroad:  Anti-Colonial Theory and the Quiet Violence in Twain’s Western Oeuvre.”  Texas Studies in Literature and Language 53.1 (Spring 2011):  26-113.

Kalter, Susan.  “John Joseph Mathews’ Reverse Ethnography:  The Literary Dimensions of Wah’Kon-Tah.”  Reprint in Native American Writing:  Critical Assessments.  Volume II.  Edited by A. Robert Lee.  London:  Routledge, 2011.

Kalter, Susan.  “Clothing The Prairie in Furs:  The International Trade Contexts of Cooper’s Western Novel.”  Western American Literature 43.2 (Summer 2008):  148-178.

Kalter, Susan.  A Student of Savage Thought:  The Ecological Ethic in Moby-Dick and Its Grounding in Native American Ideologies.  ESQ:  A Journal of the American Renaissance 48.1-2 (1st and 2nd Quarters 2002):  1-40.  Issued in 2004.

Kalter, Susan.  Finding a Place for David Cusick in Native American Literary History.  MELUS:  The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 27.3 (Fall 2002):  9-42.

Kalter, Susan.  John Joseph Mathews Reverse Ethnography:  The Literary Dimensions of WahKon-Tah.  SAIL 14.1 (Spring 2002):  26-50.

Kalter, Susan.  ‘Americas Histories Revisited:  The Case of Tell Them They Lie.  American Indian Quarterly 25.3 (Summer 2001):  329-351.

Kalter, Susan. ‘Chickamauga’ as an Indian-Wars Narrative: The Relevance of Ambrose Bierce for a First-Nations-Centered Study of the Nineteenth Century.  Arizona Quarterly 56.4. (Winter 2001):  57-82.

Kalter, Susan, Laura Ruberto, Tomas Taraborrelli, and Donald Wesling. Introduction. Bakhtin and the Nation issue. Bucknell Review 43.2 (1999).

Kalter, Susan. The Last of the Mohicans as Contemporary Theory: James Fenimore Cooper’s Philosophy of Language.  James Fenimore Cooper Society Miscellaneous Papers 11. (August 1999): 1-14.

Kalter, Susan. The Path to Endless: Gary Snyder in the mid-1990s. Texas Studies in Literature and Language 41.1 (Spring 1999): 16-46.

Miscellaneous

Kalter, Susan.  John Joseph Mathews (Osage) (1894-1979) Headnote for the work of Mathews in The Wadsworth Anthology of American Literature, Volume IV, 1910-1945.  Eds. Martha J. Cutter and Jay Parini.  Boston:  Thomson Wadsworth.  Forthcoming.

 

INVITED TALKS:

“Condolence in Eighteenth-Century Treaty Making and Beyond: Franklin and the Language of International Diplomacy in Eastern North America.”  Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of the American Indian, George Gustav Heye Center.  New York City, New York.  10 March 2012.

“The role of staff in helping to improve retention of students of color.”  Fall semester training and orientation.  Illinois State University Dining Services.  Normal, Illinois.  6 August 2008.

“Key Topics around Edward Everett Hale’s Philip Nolan’s Friends”  Hale House Museum Planning Conference.  Sponsored by the Pettaquamscutt Historical Society.  Matunuck, Rhode Island.  19 July 2007.

“Post-colonial theory and theory for the study of ethnic and international discourses, with a focus on Native American Studies theory.”  Theory Night, English Studies Association, Illinois State University.  21 March 2007.

 

PRESENTATIONS:

“Haunted Huckleberry:  Mark Twain’s Deployment of the Gothic in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.”  American Literature Association Symposium:  Fear and Form:  Aspects of the Gothic in American Culture.  Savannah, Georgia.  23 February 2013.

“Silence Dogood?:  Teaching the Contexts for Alliance and Alliance-breaking in the Native American Discourses of Franklin’s Autobiography.”  Panel on Early American Pedagogies:  Animating the Archive.  American Literature Association.  San Francisco.  25 May 2012.

“Recommendations emerging from ISU’s participation in the College Board’s First Native American Student Advocacy Institute (NASAI).”  President’s Recruitment and Retention Committee.  Normal, Illinois.  27 February 2009.

With Angela Davenport, Beth Hatt, Greg Michie, Beverly Nance, Amelia Noel-Elkins, and Donald Reed.  “Retention and graduation of students of color at ISU:  Introductory and Concluding Remarks.”  Breakfast hour talk for the Board of Trustees, Illinois State University.  Normal, Illinois.  9 May 2008.

Philip Nolans Friends and the Dual Duel:  Edward Everett Hales uses of the Spanish and English national literary traditions in his novel of the U.S.-Mexico border.  American Studies Association.  Philadelphia.  October 2007.  Panel organizer:  “Anglo-Spanish rivalries and the U.S.-Mexican border.”

 

Clothing The Prairie in Furs:  The International Trade Contexts of Coopers Western Novel.  James Fenimore Cooper Society Panel.  The Seventeenth Annual American Literature Association Conference. San Francisco.  25 May 2006.

 

Chasing Horses in Comanchería:  How Hale naturalizes U.S. conquest in Philip Nolan’s Friends.  The Thirty-Ninth Annual Western Literature Association Conference.  Big Sky, Montana.  1 October 2004.

Yukon storytellers and the teaching of Jack London within a comparative literary history of the Arctic.  Jack London Society Symposium.  Lihue, Hawaii.  11 October 2002.

Mutiny, Whiteness, and the Neutral Word:  Rethinking Ambiguity in Moby-Dick through Voloshinov’s Philosophy of Language.  The International Melville Conference:  Moby-Dick 2001, An Interdisciplinary Celebration.  Hempstead, New York.  18 October 2001.

Reading Helen Hunt Jackson:  The Achievement of A Century of Dishonor and its importance for interpreting Ramona.  The Western Literature Association Panel.  The Tenth Annual Conference of the American Literature Association.  Cambridge.  24 May 2001.

A Strategy of Import: The Verbal Ventriloquism of London’s Yukon Fiction. London Society Symposium. Santa Rosa, California. 14 October 2000.

Ecology and Anti-Savagism at Mid-Century: Melville’s uses of Native American thought in Moby-Dick. The Melville Society panel. The One Hundred Fifteenth Convention of the Modern Language Association of America. Newberry Library, Chicago. 28 December 1999.

‘Chickamauga’ as an Indian-Wars Narrative: The Relevance of Ambrose Bierce for a First-Nations-Centered Study of the Nineteenth Century. The Thirty-Fourth Annual Western Literature Association Conference. Sacramento, California. 14 October 1999. Nominated for the J. Golden Taylor Award for best graduate student paper.

Dancing with a ghost, guarding the burial-ground: The Bakhtinian Critique of Linguistics and the Voices Beyond the American Grave. The Ninth International Conference on Mikhail Bakhtin. Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 26 July 1999.  Delivered in absentia.

The Last of the Mohicans as Contemporary Theory: James Fenimore Cooper’s Philosophy of Language. James Fenimore Cooper Society panel. The Eighth Annual Conference of the American Literature Association. Baltimore. 28 May 1999.

On the Brink of Extinction: The anti-savagist discourse of Moby-Dick. The 1999 meeting of the California American Studies Association: On Edge. University of California, Santa Cruz. 30 April 1999.

‘Parlez-vous Indien, Monsieur Edwards?’: Language and Literature from the Atlantic to the Meschasebé before and after the Errand. Association for the Study of American Indian Literature panel. The Seventh Annual Conference of the American Literature Association. San Diego. 30 May 1998.

Speech Genres and Their Role in Dialogues with and about Native Americans. The Eighth International Conference on Mikhail Bakhtin. The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta. 22 June 1997.

The Making of Realism through Difference: The Turn-of-the-Century Haitian Novel in National and International Perspective. Annual Conference of the American Comparative Literature Association. Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. 11 April 1997. Nominated for the Horst Frenz Prize for best graduate student paper.

Paring down theory for undergraduates as part of the Ford Foundation workshop called Teaching Diversity at the University on adapting the Dimensions of Culture program for area colleges. University of California, San Diego. 8 June 1996.

Identifying speech genres in contemporary fiction as part of Working with Bakhtin in the Department of Literature Colloquium. University of California, San Diego. 24 October 1995.

 

DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS:

 Maciel, Carla.  Bantu Oral Narratives in the Training of EFL Teachers in Mozambique. 2006. Co-director.

Kima, Raogo.  Feminist Intersections:  Reading Louise Erdrich and Buchi Emecheta Within/Across Cultural Boundaries. 2006. Second reader.

 

MASTER'S THESES AND ADVISEMENT:

Koehler, Rob.  The Development of Advanced Reading Textbooks in the Colonies and Early United States, 1750-1800.”  2012.  Director.

Reiman, Amy.  Comprehensive Examination.  Race, Literature, and Education.  October 2012-November 2013.

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS:

Early borderlands studies in North America; The relationship between official histories and narrative; The recovery of texts by Native Americans and/or relevant to Native American studies; The United States’ literary relationship to the First Nations, their citizens, and their intellectual sovereignty; Historical intercourse and antagonisms between agents of western writing and orality/nonwestern writing; Pedagogy and critical multiculturalisms in higher education and secondary schools; The recovery of texts from Haitian literary history and the French-speaking Americas; Individualism and collectivism in the American imagination; Egalitarianism; Herman Melville; The study of North American languages and its influence on literary activity and aesthetic theory; Native American writers and artists; Bakhtin studies. 

 

TEACHING INTERESTS:

Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century American Literature; Early American Literature; U. S.-First Nations Relations in Literary and Cultural Works; Americas Cultural Studies; Critical Multiculturalisms; Ancient, Gothic, and Postmodern Prose; Power Relations and Sociological & Cultural Materialist Dialogism; The Role of Literary and Cultural Studies in Land Claims Politics; Literature of Ecology and the Wilderness; Regionalism; Socialisms and Literature; Women and War; Native American Writers; Iroquois Orature and Literature; Caribbean Literature in English and Translation; Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Literature from Quebec; Twentieth Century African Writers; Irish Cultural Heritage and Anti-Imperialism; Resistances against Coercive or non-Dialogic Christian Conversion by Native Americans, Africans, Asians, ancient Europeans, Polytheists, Jews, and others; Religious and Cultural Syncretism.

 

ACADEMIC SERVICE:

Departmental

• English Education Committee, Department of English (2014-15)

• Search Committee for a tenure-track faculty position in African Literatures and Cultures, Department of English (2013-14)

Ethnic Studies and Native American Studies Program Review (2011-12)

Graduate Committee, Department of English (2009-10)

Diversity Committee, Department of English (2007-09, 2012-13)

Search Committee for a tenure-track faculty position in Global Literatures, Department of English (2007-08)

Global Literature Committee, Department of English (2006-07)

Professional Growth Committee, Department of English (2005-06)

Department Council, Department of English (2003-2005)

Undergraduate Committee, Department of English (2000-02; Spring 2003)

Julia Visor Award (formerly the C.L.R. James/Malcolm X Award) Subcommittee (2000-03)

Search Committee for a tenure-track faculty position in Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Literature, Department of English (2001-02)

Writing Committee, Department of English (Fall 2002)

College

Search Committee for the Chair of the Department of English, College of Arts and Sciences (elected, 2007-08)

Global Literature Committee, College of Arts and Sciences (2006-07)

College Curriculum Committee, College of Arts and Sciences (2002-03; 2005-06)

Nominating Committee for Minority-Scholar-in-Residence Charlene Teters (2002)

Faculty Advisory Committee, Laboratory for Integrated Learning and Technology (2001-03)

University

• Director of the Interdisciplinary Program in Native American Studies (2007-present)

• Director of the Interdisciplinary Program in Ethnic Studies (2007-present)

• Academic Senate (elected, 2006-present)

Chair of the Senate (elected, 2014-present)

Secretary of the Senate (elected, 2007-14)

Member, Executive Committee (2007-present)

Member, Planning and Finance Committee (2007-08; 2014-present)

Member, Academic Affairs Committee (2013-14)

Chair, Administrative Affairs and Budget Committee (elected, 2006-07, 2008-11, 2012-13)

Chair, Faculty Affairs Committee (elected, 2011-12)

Communications liaison to the Humanities faculty (2007-08, 2013-14)

Academic Planning Committee (member and liaison to the Academic Affairs Committee, 2013-14; ex-officio member and liaison to the Senate, 2014-present)

Co-advisor, Graduate Student Association, a Registered Student Organization (2013-present)

Faculty Advisory Board for Intercultural Programs and Services/Diversity Advocacy (2004-11, co-founded with Rick Lewis)

Committee on Campus Communications to the Board of Trustees (2007-09; 2014-present)

Faculty Mentor, University Scholars Program (2008-09)

Advisor, Flatlanders Climbing Club, a Registered Student Organization (2006-08)

Member, Selection Committee, Student Involvement Awards (2007)
 

External

Editorial Board for MELUS:  The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literatures of the United States, University of Connecticut (2010-2014); Subject Area Reviewer (Native American Literature) (Spring 2004-present)

Subject Area Reviewer, Western American Literature (Late Eighteenth-Century through Early Twentieth-Century Literature; Native American Literature), October 2012-present

Manuscript Reviewer for the Oxford University Press, 2013

Manuscript Reviewer for the University of Oklahoma Press, 2012

Invited Advisory Scholar, Edward Everett Hale House Museum, Pettaquamscutt Historical Society, Matunuck, Rhode Island (May 2007-present)
 

Graduate

• Graduate Council of the Academic Senate (UCSD, 1995-98)

• Advisory Committee to the Chancellor on the Americans with Disabilities Act (UCSD, 1995-96)

• Graduate Student Association (UCSD, 1995-96)

• Graduate Studies Committee, Department of Literature (UCSD, 1995-96)

Pre-graduate

• Senior Program Assistant, Middle Grades Curriculum Development Project, Program in Human Biology, Stanford University, 1993-1994

• Secretary, Planning Office and Office of the University Architect, Stanford University, 1991-1993

 

FELLOWSHIPS AND HONORS:

National

Summer 2002:  Summer Stipend, National Endowment for the Humanities, $5,000

Illinois State University

2013-14:  University Leadership Initiative

2010-11:  Faculty Research Award, $3,000

2009-10:  Summer Faculty Fellowship, $5,000

2008:  Teaching Development Travel Grant from the Center for Teaching, Learning and Technology for travel to the College Board’s first Native American Student Advocacy Institute, $300

2008:  Travel grants from the College of Arts and Sciences and from Enrollment Management and Academic Services for travel to the College Board’s first Native American Student Advocacy Institute, $600

2004-05:  Nominee for the Research Initiative Award, Department of English

2003-04:  Nominee for the Research Initiative Award, College of Arts and Sciences

2003-04:  Nominee for the Research Initiative Award, Department of English

Summer 2002:  Pre-Tenure Faculty Initiative Grant, $2,500

Summer 2001:  New Faculty Initiative Grant, $2,500

University of California, San Diego

Winter 1999: Dissertation Fellowship, Department of Literature

1998-99 Senior Teaching Assistant, Department of Literature.  To orient and mentor new teaching assistants.

 

PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS:

American Literature Association
Association for the Study of American Indian Literature
Modern Language Association
Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literatures of the United States
Western Literature Association

 

SKILLS:

Languages

French—Fluent
Spanish—Read, translate, and interpret with competence
Cherokee and Mohawk—Beginning

 

INTELLECTUAL GENEALOGY

GRADUATE COURSEWORK:

Literature and Culture of the Americas 
• Manifest Domesticity (audited sessions), Nicole Tonkovich
• The 1950s: Culture of Containment, Michael Davidson
• American Studies and the Politics of Location, Shelley Streeby
• Unreal Cities: Urbanism and Modernity (audited), Michael Davidson
• Nineteenth Century American Studies: Natives and Aliens, Shelley Streeby
• Methodology Studies: Reading Practice (audited), Donald Wesling
• Genre Studies: Landscape Poetry East and West, Wai-Lim Yip
• Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson, Michael Davidson

• La littérature antillaise de langue française, Winifred Woodhull
• Le Roman Québécois, Catherine Ploye
• Themes in French Intellectual and Literary History (audited), Louis Morhange

• Contemporary Issues in the Literature of Columbia and Chile, Jaime Concha
• Latin America from 1945 to 1995, Jaime Concha
• La Literatura del Caribe (audited), Maria Zeilina

Literary Theory
• History of European Criticism and Aesthetics:
        Renaissance to Enlightenment, Oumelbanine Zhiri
• History of European Criticism and Aesthetics:
        Kant to the Twentieth Century, Steven Cassedy
• Text/Culture/Critical Practice, Todd Kontje
• Introduction to Sexuality and Gender Studies, Judith Halberstam
• Cultural Perspectives and Criticism, Lisa Lowe
• Theories of Literary Criticism: Working with Bakhtin, Donald Wesling

 

RELEVANT UNDERGRADUATE COURSEWORK:

• Western Civilization
• Poetry and poetics, Adrienne Rich
• Shakespeare
• The Role of the Military in Politics, Condoleeza Rice
• International Politics, Stephen Krasner
• History of the English Language
• The Modern Middle East, Joel Beinin
• Dostoevsky and French Literature, Joseph Frank
• Virginia Woolf, Lucio Ruotolo
• Southern Africa, David Abernethy
• African and African American Women Writers, Biodun Jeyifo (Cornell University)
• Irish Literature (Cornell University)
• Toni Morrison, Michelle Cliff
• The Caribbean-Americas, Sylvia Wynter
• Playwriting, Adrienne Kennedy
• Kiowa Photography Project, Linda Poolaw
• Contemporary British Drama (St. Catherine's College, Stanford-in-Oxford)
• British Foreign Policy and International Relations (Stanford-in-Oxford)
• Kenyan and Nigerian Literature, Anthony Kirk-Greene (St. Antony’s College, Stanford-in-Oxford)
• Theory of the (Post)Modern Novel (Merton College, Stanford-in-Oxford)
• Romantic Poetry, Jonathan Wordsworth (St. Catherine's College, Stanford-in-Oxford)
• History of the British Empire (Stanford-in-Oxford)
• Chinese Poetry, Steven Van Zoeren
• English Literature to the Renaissance, Seth Lerer
• Eighteenth-Century English Literature, Terry Castle
• Contemporary Francophone Literature from Africa and the Caribbean, J.-M. Apostolides
• American Fiction from Romance to Realism, David Halliburton
• American Drama from 1920-1970, Harry Elam
• Reading and Writing Poetry
• Honors Thesis, Diane Middlebrook and Priscilla Wald

 

DISSERTATION ABSTRACT:

"Keep these words until the stones melt: Language, ecology, war, and the written land in nineteenth century U.S.-Indian relations." This study examines how U.S. writers, Western linguistic theorists, and members of Indian nations rely on or borrow from intellectual centers of thought that preceded and survived European presence on the North American continent. These uses of Native American thought, by writers such as Cooper, Melville, Bierce, Jewett, Hunt Jackson, and London, emerged in arenas dominated by the discourse of savagism. Savagism had developed in European settler communities in reaction to cultural difference and to rationalize encroachment on Indian lands. The belief that Native Americans would either become civilized or become extinct pervaded these communities. Comparing these authors’ works to indigenous verbal artistry recorded from within six Indian nations or groups of nations—the Iroquois, Lenni Lenape, Cherokee, Plains and Basin groups, and Dene—I argue that savagism did not constitute an impervious master narrative. My research reveals narratives that ran counter to this dominant narrative—what I call anti-savagism and ante-savagism—and examines how all these narratives based themselves in the Indian word.

Committee: Michael Davidson and Donald Wesling (chairs), Jaime Concha, Ross Frank, Shelley Streeby, Winifred Woodhull