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Paris Salon Exhibitions: 1667-1831

John S. Hallam

Hallam Timeline

Salon de 1831

There were 3,182 entries (the largest ever) in the 1831 livret plus additional works under the same number.1 Charles X was deposed in the summer of 1830 when he attempted to circumvent the constitution and rule by decree. Louis-Philippe of the royal House of Orléans ascended the throne and his reign was known as the July Monarchy (1830–1848).

Twenty-three paintings representing events of the revolution were exhibited, including Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People and the work by Lecomte. In the background is an oil study for a work by Léon Cogniet not in the collage. The sketch represents the white flag of the Bourbon monarchy transformed into the red, white, and blue flag of the French Revolution.

Eugène Devéria exhibited a painting representing Louis-Philippe swearing an oath to uphold the constitution in the Chamber of Deputies (detail below).
Please click on the thumbnail image for magnification and key.

Critics reviewing the Salon frequently used the words in the collage when describing the current state of French art. The terms were politically charged and aligned with liberal and conservative social groups who supported either innovative (Romantic) or more traditional (Classical) artistic practices. Artists and critics of the juste milieu operated somewhere in between the extremes.

Delaroche's Children of Edward IV reflects the growing popularity of British historical subjects. The setting is the Tower of London in 1483 where the children will be murdered by future King Richard III.

Gudin was a student of Gros and appointed painter to the Navy Department. The Devotion of Captain Deese was commissioned for the Ministry of the Interior and depicts a heroic rescue at sea. Critics praised the attention to details but faulted the artist for focusing too much on nature at the expense of the human drama.

Barye specialized in exotic and powerful animals often engaged in mortal battle.  This was his Salon debut.



Sanchez, Pierre and Xavier Seydoux.  Les catalogues des salons des beaux-arts, 1801–1880. Paris: Echelle de Jacob, 1999–2006. Print.


1. Nineteenth-century livrets can be found in Pierre Sanchez et Xavier Seydoux, Les catalogues des salons des beaux-arts, 1801–1880.


Hallam Timeline

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