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Imaginary Voyages in Serious Reflections and A Vision of the Angelick World



1. Henry Hutchins argued that the story of Taylor’s success was probably widespread in 1719 at the time of the publication of Defoe’s work. When it first appeared in printed form, in 1738, it was accompanied by what was certainly a false account of the difficulty that Defoe experienced in getting his manuscript published (44−46).

2. The Vision of the Angelick World (abbreviated parenthetically as VAW) is paginated separately from Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (abbreviated parenthetically as SR).

3. In his Jure Divino (1706), as part of a passage exalting reason, Defoe refers to the body as a “Carcass” (book 3, line 6) with clear overtones of contempt listed in the third section under that word in the OED. Seventeenth-century followers of Descartes, such as Arnold Geulincx, often treat the human body with considerable disdain.

4. Derrida mentions this moment in Freud’s life when he felt rejected by the Viennese scientific establishment (2: 159).

5. A second edition of Woodes Rogers, A Cruising Voyage Round the World, appeared in 1718, just a year before The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures. It was first published in 1712 and gave an extended account of Alexander Selkirk’s experience on Juan Fernandez.

6. For a discussion of the debate on withdrawal from society versus the active life, as it was conducted during the Restoration, see the exchange between John Evelyn and Sir George Mackenzie in Irene Beesemyer, “Crusoe the Isolato.”

7. Montaigne has a similar admiration for a poor beggar in his essay “Of Solitude”: “when I see the poor man begging at my door, often more cheerfull and healthy than myself, I can imagine myself in his place; I try to clothe my mind after his measure. And, thus running over all the other examples in my mind, although I may imagine death, poverty , contempt, and disease to be treading on my heels, I easily resolve not to stand in terror for what a meaner man than I accepts with so much patience” (1: 240−41). Defoe was far from enthusiastic about beggars, but he showed more sympathy for what he considered to be an honest laborer.


Beesemyer, Irene. “Crusoe the Isolato.” 1650−1850: Aesthetics and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era 10 (2004): 70−102. Print.

Defoe, Daniel. Jure Divino. London, 1706. Print.

———. Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: with His Vision of the Angelick World. London, 1720. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. The Beast and the Sovereign. Trans. Geoffrey Bennington. Ed. Michel Lisse, Marie-Louise Mallet, and Ginette Michaud. 2 vols. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2010. Print.

Freud, Sigmund. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works. Trans. James Strachey, et al. 24 vols. London: Hogarth Press, c. 1966−1973. Print.

Gildon, Charles. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Mr D— De F— of London. London, 1720.

Hutchins, Henry C. Robinson Crusoe and its Printing 1719−1731. New York: Columbia UP, 1925. Print.

Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Ed. Alexander Fraser. 2 vols. 1894. New York: Dover, 1959. Print.

Montaigne, Michel de. The Essays of Montaigne. Trans. E.J. Trechmann. 2 vols. London and New York: Oxford UP, 1946. Print.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Introduction. Compendium Physicae. By Charles Morton. Vol. 33 of the Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. Boston: Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1940. Print.

Morton, Charles. Compendium Physicae. Vol. 33 of the Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. Boston: Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1940. Print.

Novak, Maximillian E. “The Cave and the Grotto: Realist Form and Robinson Crusoe’s Imagined Interiors.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 20 (2008): 446−59. Print.

———. “Novel or Fictional Memoir: The Scandalous Publication of Robinson Crusoe.” The Age of Johnson 18. New York: AMS Press, 2008. 207–23. Print.

R ogers, Woodes. A Cruising Voyage Round the World. 2nd ed. London, 1718. Print.

Whiston, William. Astronomical Principles of Religion, Natural and Reveal’d. London, 1717. Print

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